Monday, May 25, 2020

Ruth Fulton Benedict Essay - 2030 Words

Considered a pioneer in her time, Ruth Fulton Benedict was an American anthropologist who helped to popularize anthropology while introducing such terms as culture and racism into common place language. As an advocate against discriminatory attitudes, Benedict advocated for tolerance and individuality within social norms and expectations and sought to determine that each culture has its own moral imperatives. Considered her most famous written work, Patterns of Culture, Benedict explores the differences between rituals, beliefs, and personal preferences and how within that culture, personality within the individual exists. While Benedict advocated for tolerance within individual choice and society, she also recognized the struggle within†¦show more content†¦Perhaps the isolation that Benedict experienced as a young girl can be considered a stepping stone to the future. Using a pen name of Anne Singleton, Benedict wrote poetry and graduated from high school at St. Margaretâ €™s Academy. Continuing to have aspirations of personal success, Benedict enrolled at Vassar College where she majored in English and later became a teacher after moving to Los Angeles with her sister. Benedict was yearning for something and yet at this time could not find what was beckoning to emerge when she married and returned to New York City. It was during this time, that Benedict experienced her internal conflicts and began to seek fulfillment. Coupled with a desire for personal growth and seeking refuge from an empty and childless marriage she began pursuing her education. This conflict was seen in Benedict’s candor in her mid to late thirties as she pursued graduate work. As written in personal journals, Benedict says, â€Å"I gambled on having the strength to live two lives, one for myself and one for the world† (Mead, p.3). Unsatisfied with her life, Benedict married a biochemist named Stanley Benedict in 1914 hoping to find meaning. Benedict and her husband were unable to have children which caused strain in the marriage during an era where women were valued as homemakers and mothers. Benedict yearned for something more in her life, and it was then that she discovered

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Effects Of Video Games On Our Lives - 1355 Words

Abstract Although relaxing fun and addicting, do they damage the brain, affect your temper, or even damage your nerves effecting your ability to see or exercise? Many people have differing opinions on this subject. I personally think that video games can greatly impact your lives in a positive manner, but they can also destroy your lives. Videogames altering your intelligence making you less sophisticated, or time consuming making people over weight? The advantage of playing video games can be proven in its ability to enhance learning, hand-eye coordination, and can help to reduce feelings of stress and anger. Videogames a huge part of today s society, becoming more popular than ever with more than 91 percent of children from the ages of 2-17 according to NPD. People believing that nothing comes of gaming besides having no life, obesity, becoming stalked by pedophiles, and they are anti social; making you stupid or alter your mind making you think you live in a land of fantasy. Before your mind starts to wander and think about the negatives lets wander the positive effects of video games. In the new era of kids, more and more people have started to play video games. There has been a lot of controversy about the effect that video games can have on users, both mental and physical. Many parents have a child that will play, have played, or are playing video games. Video games being very prominent in most children and adult lives have many different affectsShow MoreRelatedThe True Cause Of Violent Behaviors1613 Words   |  7 Pagesworld in which we live. They have been linked to fourteen ma ss murders (Fletcher). Nine out of the top ten selling games have been labeled as violent and 42% of adolescents play them (â€Å"Children and Video Games†). These violent video games are a major problem in the United States and across the globe. Violent video games have a direct correlation with negative behaviors because they increase anger and aggression in young people, decrease prosocial behavior, and have unfavorable effects on a teens dailyRead MoreThe Positive and Negative Aspects of Video Games in Society968 Words   |  4 PagesIn our modern society, we rely on varieties of entertainment in order to satisfy our need for enjoyment. One type of entertainment, which is currently becoming more prominent in our culture is video games. As it is becoming more prominent, it is also evolving throughout the years. Video games now are becoming more complex and influential in our society. People can use this type of entertainment was a way to relieve stress or a way to sociali ze with others online. Video games is almost available everywhereRead MoreThe Effects Of Video Games On Children And Society1523 Words   |  7 PagesMario Kart, Call of Duty, and Grand Theft Auto, are all wildly popular video games. Whether you are killing monsters or trying to amass as much gold as possible, people play video games as an escape into a virtual world from the reality we live in. Over the years, video games have acquired a tainted reputation for the violence often found in many popular titles. Although people view video games to be destructive to children and society, studies have shown numerous medical, social, as well as psychologicalRead MoreNegative Effects Of Video Games1143 Words   |  5 Pagesworld gaming to common arcade games players have been intrigued by the pixelated images, ideas and story lines created by developers. Video games of todays society contributes both positive and negative health related habits to the lives of gamers. Some would argue that games promote healthy habits such as enhanced hand-eye coordination, a better learning ability, and better decision-making skills. While others would say that video games hinder the growth of our world because it influences itsRead MoreViolent Video Games: Closing the Doors to Success688 Words   |  3 Pagesviolent outbreaks may be linked to violent video games. There has been an increasing amount of crime in the age groups involved violent video games in some way. In turn, watching and/or participating in violent video games can increase violent behavior. Violent outbreaks are more common with age groups that are actively participating in violent video games, or have an active role within the community of violent video games. An article states Sales of video games have more than quadrupled from 1995-2008Read MoreVideo Games Affect Our Lives1563 Words   |  7 PagesParents have always claimed that video games corrupt a child’s well-being, but many of them don t know what video games are actually doing to our minds and body. In fact, video games affect several different aspects of our lives, including our social lives, physical health, and behavior tendencies. With video games becoming an active member in almost everyone s daily life, a more intrusive study is required, detailing the precise effects and what exactly their implications could be for this up-and-comingRead MoreThe Video Gaming Industry1209 Words   |  5 PagesThe world we live in has changed dramatically over the last thirty years with the invention of the inter net, smart phones, and video gaming systems. The world we live in now was unimaginable and the technology advances we have made are remarkable. Video game consoles and how we as a society play them has changed dramatically since the beginning of gaming in the 1970’s. Over the last decade there have been many arguments concerning video games such as too much violence, obesity, addiction, socialRead MoreVideo Games And Its Effects872 Words   |  4 PagesVideo Games 2 Everyone has their outlet, whether it’s reading, working out, or just hanging out with a friend for a bit; life is crazy and having a way to let out stress is a healthy way of living. Although this is true, one outlet of stress that is becoming larger and larger throughout the years is video games. It was an obvious theme throughout Ready Player One that the world they were living in was so corrupt, that an alternate world was a better option to live in than reality. The world weRead MoreShould We Continue Violent Video Games?794 Words   |  4 PagesPlay Violent Video Games? Violent video games have remained in the spotlight amidst mast shootings in the United States orchestrated by avid violent video gamers. This has raised concerns about the adverse effects these games might have on gamers. Nevertheless, I was raised in a family where video games were an integral part of our daily activities to keep me and my siblings at bay from the violence in our neighborhood. My parents reasoned that allowing their children play video games at home preventedRead MoreVideo Games Negatives1153 Words   |  5 Pages Video games go on to do more than just entertain us with the right dedication and structure a game can be used as a tool. Much like how video games are being used to help terminally ill children learn the does and donts of their illness to stay healthy and prevent them from worsening their conditions, video games can be used to help children with severe developmental issues learn to develop socials skills so they can go about their lives like a child and cope with stress and emotions like how

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Adolescence Cognitive Development Essay - 1669 Words

Summary The purpose of this issue paper is to compare and contrast two different articles one written by L.E. Berk in 2010 that explores lifespan development. The other article was written by the staff and research team at Lucile Packard Childrens Hospital at Stanford in 2012 that addresses what cognitive development is and the progress of adolescence cognitive development. Cognitive development begins from the moment of birth and continues throughout life. However, this student finds the cognitive abilities are more complex during the adolescent years. Therefore, the issue this paper will address is adolescence cognitive development. Whereas, both articles agree that when a child transitions from childhood to adolescence their†¦show more content†¦For example, when an adolescent can only think or reason in concrete operational stage such as the knowledge they have previously acquired and the reality they have experience, they cannot see past that knowledge or experience (Berk, 2010 ). For instance, this students 16-year-old son is having issues concerning matters of the heart. He believes that without this girl his life has no purpose or meaning. He bases his reasoning on that he is the only one who can help this girl (she has a lot of issues) so she needs him. He cannot and will not reason or think outside of the reality that he is her savior and protector. Nor will he think about how she is making life so difficult for him. His grades (especially in science, which he loves) are dropping as a result of his lack of cognitive development. Both Berk (2010) and Lucile Packard Childrens Hospital at Stanford (2012) claim that by this age an adolescent should be thinking in more abstract, systematic and logical ways. Therefore, according to the articles researched for this issue and the behavior exhibited by this adolescent would indicate a delay in cognitive development. This delay not only affects his personal reasoning, but also has delayed his cognitive development to solve hypothetical problems, thus, lower his ability solve situations not yet experienced. Remaining in the concrete operationalShow MoreRelatedEssay on My Adolescence and My Cognitive Development582 Words   |  3 PagesWhen I was adolescent, I was strongly influenced by my cognitive development, experiences and people around me. First, I experienced typical psychological reactions which adolescences are likely to have: I had a lot of experiments; I had imaginably audience; and I experienced identity crisis. I was a person who had a lot of experiments . Because I was a late bloomer, I was not as feminine as other girls. However, I thought that I should behave more feminine to be an adult. Therefore, I suddenlyRead MoreLearning Styles And Sociocultural Influences On Child And Adolescent Development1641 Words   |  7 Pagesexamine the link to development theories, learning styles and sociocultural influences on child and adolescent development. As a developing secondary school preserve teacher, my focus will be mainly on adolescent behaviours and development. I will be examining an article from a media how these developmental theories analyses and helps us to understand the behaviour of child and adolescents. I will also try to explain about the domain of development such as physical, cognitive, emotional and socialRead MoreAdolescence Development : The Growth Of A Child Occurs After Childhood995 Words   |  4 PagesAdolescence Development Adolescence development is the period where the growth of a child occurs after childhood and before adulthood. The ages are from 12 to 18 years. This period is one of the most crucial times in an adolescent life. They experience serious changes such as physical, sexual maturation, social and economic independence, development of identity and the skills needed to have adult relationships and roles during this time. While this period is a time of tremendous growth and developmentRead MoreAdolescence Is The Time Of Development Essay1221 Words   |  5 PagesAdolescence is the time of development that starts at pubescence and ends at adulthood; the regular age extent is from 12 to 18 years, and this phase of development has some anticipated physical, cognitive, and social turning points (University of Rochester Medical Center Rochester, 2016). Pubescence includes particular physiological changes in an individual such as tallness, weight, body organization, sex attributes, and circulato ry and respiratory frameworks. While their bodies are changing, soRead MoreAdolescence, in modern society is the transition from childhood to adulthood. Known as a time of600 Words   |  3 PagesAdolescence, in modern society is the transition from childhood to adulthood. Known as a time of rebellion, crisis, pathology and deviance, this period of life is influenced by the ethnicity, the culture, the gender, the Socio Economic Status, the age and the life style. Adolescence period usually ends with a physically, cognitively, and socio emotionally changed young adult. The physical development in adolescence In trying to discuss adolescence, most adult tend to confuse the terms adolescenceRead MoreCognitive Control And Social Control Essay897 Words   |  4 PagesAdolescence is categorized by psychological changes in relation to identity, self-consciousness, and relationships with others (Sebastian, C., Burnett, Blakemore, S. J., 2008). There are two major aspects when it comes to adolescence: cognitive control and social control. The cognitive control focuses more on supervisory functions such as our working memory, decision making, self-consciousness, and attention distribution; while, the social control supports the individual being more sociable, formingRead MoreThe Theory Of Human Development1196 Words   |  5 Pagesmiddle, and late childhood, adolescence, early, middle, and late adulthood until the end of life. Additionally, the environments where individuals grow, culture, socio economics status also influence the person’s personalities (Santrock, 2015). Biopsychosocial is one of the most challenging formulations that clinicians needs to complete and most of the time is never done (Ross, 2000). Exist six main theories of human development these are: the Psychoanalytic theories, cognitive theories, behavioral andRead MorePsy Human Growth And Development1488 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿ Human Growth and Development Name: Institution Affiliation: Human Growth and Development Introduction According to Jean Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development children’s cognitive development formal operations is established at the cognitive development stage of about age 12 to 15 years. This is reflected in the child’s ability to reason adolescence hypothetically and independently on concrete states of affairs, with the structures represented by the logical combination systemsRead MoreInterviews on Human Development Through Three Generations1532 Words   |  6 Pagesstages of development each generation is experiencing, relating each generation to a theory, compare the similarities and differences each generation is experiencing in their stage of development, and what I learned from this experience. The topic I explored for each generation was music. Music can be a emotional experience, bring out feeling that we may be experiencing at that time, bring people together, and memories of the past. The three generations I picked to interview was an adolescence, earlyRead MorePiaget’S (1936/1953) Stages Of Cognitive Development.In1600 Words   |  7 PagesPiaget’s (1936/1953) stages of cognitive development. In his theory of cognitive development, Piaget (1936/1953) asserted that children have a natural ability to construct meaning about the world around them. Piaget (1952) believed that children build their knowledge of the world around them using schema, which he defined as â€Å"a cohesive, repeatable action sequence possessing component actions that are tightly interconnected and governed by a core meaning† (p. 7). In other words, schema act as

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Agriculture and Rural Labour Markets †Free Samples to Students

Question: Discuss about the Agriculture and Rural Labour Markets. Answer: Introduction Economics as a discipline, has undergone immense dynamics and integrations over the years with the conceptual framework and theoretical assertions modifying according to the dynamics seen in the global economy and in the behaviour of the different economic agents, producers and consumers mainly (Hall and Lieberman 2012). The economic principles and conceptual frameworks play crucial roles in explaining the different problems of concern which crop up in different parts of the global economic scenario and the same also help in finding plausible solutions or way outs to combat those problems (Baumol and Blinder 2015). Keeping the above discussion into consideration, the concerned report tries to identify the chief economic issues cropping up in one of the most influential and globally dominant economies, that is the economy of the United States of America referring to the article published in The Economist, on July 27th, 2017. The article titled, If America is overrun by low-skilled migrants. The market for lemons, tries to highlight some serious issues of economic threat, which the agriculture sector as a whole and primarily the lemon producing sector of the country has been facing in the contemporary period (The Economist, 2018). The concerned article, sights the situations of the lemon producing companies of the USA, especially the Limoneira, the largest company in the country in this industry. The company, in the earlier periods used to have enough workers for their lemon and avocado fields, the primary reason behind the same being that the company, supported by the previous government policies and infrastructures, used to provide enough incentives to their workers in terms of competitive wages and other perks like comfortable and highly subsidized housings (housings being provided at 55% below the rates which usually prevail in the markets of California), other facilities like credit union, parks and family spaces (Guan et al. 2015). However, in the recent periods, the company, along with other fruits and vegetable producers in the country have been facing a severe crunch in the number of workers for their agricultural fields. This in turn has resulted in tremendous negative implications on the agricultura l sector of the country and on the economy of the country as a whole (Gonzalez 2015). On one hand, due to the lack of agricultural labours, the fields remain unploughed or the vegetables and fruits rot to a massive extent due to the absence of the labours to pick them up. On the other hand, due to the lack of supply in the vegetables and fruits, which are necessary commodities, the country has resorted to import more and more of them from other parts of the world, thereby hurting the balance of payment of the country (Tocco, Davidova and Bailey 2012). The main reason behind this lack of workers in the agricultural sector, as per the article has been pay scales for the workers in the recent times, which has also been clubbed by the reduction in the number of low skilled immigrants from different countries like that of Mexico and others, entering the country (Peri 2012). The reason behind this lack of entrance of these immigrants can be attributed to the recent increase in the border security and the recent government policies to reduce the number of immigrants in the country as a whole management. The main issues which the article has highlighted in this context, are the issues of demand and supply imbalances, the issues of payments and also the issue of immigration of low skilled workers by increasing the agricultural visas. The farmers have however, started responding to these problems, mostly in two ways- either by increasing the wages of the existing labour force, thereby motivating more labour to join their workforce, or by increasingly bringing in cheap labours from other developing countries with the help of increased agricultural visas, as can be seen from the hike in the number of agricultural visas given by the country in the last few years (Sexton 2012). Economic Interpretation The issues highlighted in this article can be interpreted and analysed in the light of the existing economic concepts and theoretical framework. The primary problem which has been cited by the concerned article regarding the agricultural sector in the country is the recent fall in the labour force, especially the low skilled ones (Pindyck and Rubinfeld 2014). In the previous years, the agricultural sector used to have enough low skilled workers, most of them being immigrants, migrating from other economically and politically disturbed countries looking for economic stability, a job and a place to stay with their families. These being provided by the farmers, the same were able to retain the workers. However, with increase in the border security of the country, to stop illegal immigrants especially, from other neighbouring countries, the number of low skilled immigrant labour has decreased to some extent, which thereby leaves the farmers with the only option to hire from the exiting labour force of the country. However, the existing labour force, consisting mainly of the residents of the country, may not be very eager to work at the current wage rates, thereby reducing the number of labours working on the agricultural fields of the farmers (Friedman 2017). This situation can be explained with the help of the following figure: As can be seen from the above figure, due to the fall in the immigrants coming from Mexico, specifically, the labour supply has decreased considerably and the existing labour are not seen to be willing to work in the previous wage levels (Marked here by P*). This in turn has resulted in decreasing the production as well as supply of the fruits and vegetables in the country. However, fruits and vegetables being such commodities which are necessarily found in the daily consumption baskets of almost all the residents of the country, belonging from all socio-economic strata, the price elasticity of the same is expected to be low (Rader 2014). This implies, that the consumers will not be able to give up massively on these commodities even if the price increased considerably, as can be seen from the following: As is evident from the above figure, due to the fall in the supply, the price is expected to increase, however, the demand being considerably inelastic, the fall in the demand for fruits and vegetables is expected to be lower than the increase in the price of the same due to lack of labour. Policy and Strategy Implications The government, keeping this into consideration, has increased their imports of fresh fruits and vegetables massively in the last few years, in order to prevent their residents sufferings, in the aspect of being deprived of necessary consumption commodities. This in turn, has resulted in the loss of economic welfare of the government in the form of draining out of valuable foreign exchange reserves (Greene 2013). The domestic farmers have also been negatively affected by these imports as their capacities remain unutilized with the foreign producers capturing greater share of the markets. The policy of the government of the country, in this aspect, however, should have been more targeted to increase the production and supply of the concerned commodities in the economy itself. This on one hand is expected to reduce the amount of imports, thereby increasing the balance of payment of the country and on another hand is expected to help the domestic producers in the concerned industry to increase their productivity, profitability and sustainability management. Most of the producers in this context, have started attracting labour by increasing their wages. This, as highlighted by the concerned article, has been taken as a labour attracting strategy in many parts of the country. Overall the hourly wage of the workers has increased from $8 (2000) to as high as $12, with the rates in California hiking even more ($7 to $13). Particularly in Limoneira, the average hourly wage in the current period is seen to be as high as $19 (Taylor, Charlton and Ynez-Naude 2012). This cost is undertaken by the farmers to save their farms from bigger losses of rotten fruits and vegetable supply and of the unploughed agricultural field. On the other hand, many farmers have started to hire workers from different countries in the form of foreign and temporary guest-workers under the H-2A Visa programme of the country. This programme has facilitated the entry of thousands of workers, especially low skilled ones from the developing countries on a temporary basis, th eir visas being often funded by the farmers themselves (Meissner et al. 2013). Problems of the strategies taken The strategy of bringing in more migrant workers, legally under the H-2A visa programme of the country, though seems to be profitable for the farmers and the consumers in the economy for the short run, it however goes directly against the policy of retaining the works for the citizens of the country only, which was taken by the government of the country to decrease the number of job drains to foreign nationals. This contradiction of the government policy, as has been done by the farmers, can lead to the loss of potential jobs of many Americans, thereby reducing their economic welfare in the long run. However, given the fact that the country is presently reeling under the pressure of lack of supply of agricultural labour, thereby reducing agricultural supplies and hurting the economy as a whole, the strategies taken by the farmers seem to be the only solution to the problem. References Baumol, W.J. and Blinder, A.S., 2015.Microeconomics: Principles and policy. Cengage Learning. Friedman, L.S., 2017.The microeconomics of public policy analysis. Princeton University Press. Gonzalez, G.G., 2015.Guest workers or colonized labor?: Mexican labor migration to the United States. Routledge. Greene, C., 2013. Growth patterns in the US organic industry.Amber Waves, p.1D. Guan, Z., Wu, F., Roka, F. and Whidden, A., 2015. Agricultural labor and immigration reform.Choices,30(4), pp.1-9. Hall, R.E. and Lieberman, M., 2012.Microeconomics: Principles and applications. Cengage Learning. Meissner, D.M., Kerwin, D.M., Chishti, M. and Bergeron, C., 2013.Immigration enforcement in the United States: The rise of a formidable machinery. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute. Peri, G., 2012. The effect of immigration on productivity: Evidence from US states.Review of Economics and Statistics,94(1), pp.348-358. Pindyck, R.S. and Rubinfeld, D.L., 2014. Microeconomics. Rader, T., 2014.Theory of microeconomics. Academic Press. Sexton, R.J., 2012. Market power, misconceptions, and modern agricultural markets.American Journal of Agricultural Economics,95(2), pp.209-219. Taylor, J.E., Charlton, D. and Ynez-Naude, A., 2012. The end of farm labor abundance.Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy,34(4), pp.587-598. The Economist. (2018).If America is overrun by low-skilled migrants.... [online] Available at: [Accessed 23 Mar. 2018]. Tocco, B., Davidova, S. and Bailey, A., 2012.Key issues in agricultural labour markets: A review of major studies and project reports on agriculture and rural labour markets(No. 122847).

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

The Role of Colors on Maps

The Role of Colors on Maps Cartographers use color on maps to represent certain features. Color use is always consistent on a single map and often consistent across different types of maps made by different cartographers and publishers. Many colors used on maps have a relationship to an object or feature on the ground. For example, blue is almost always the color chosen for water. Political Maps Political maps, or those that show government boundaries, usually use more map colors than physical maps, which represent the landscape often without regard for human modification, such as country or state borders. Political maps often use four or more colors to represent different countries or internal divisions of countries, such as states or provinces. Blue often represents water and black and/or red is frequently used for cities, roads, and railways. Black also shows boundaries, with differing types of dashes and/or dots used to represent the type of boundary: international, state, county, or other political subdivision. Physical Maps Physical maps use color most dramatically to show changes in elevation. A palette of greens often displays elevations. Dark green usually represents low-lying land, with lighter shades of green used for higher elevations. In the next higher elevations, physical maps often use a palette of light brown to dark brown. Such maps commonly use reds, white, or purples to represent the highest elevations shown on the map. It is important to remember that on maps that use shades of greens, browns, and the like, color does not represent ground cover. For example, showing the Mojave Desert in green due to low elevation doesnt mean that the desert is lush with green crops. Likewise, showing mountain peaks in white does not indicate that the mountains are capped with ice and snow all year long. On physical maps, blues are used for water, with darker blues representing the deepest water. Green-gray, red, blue-gray, or some other color is used for elevations below sea level. General-Interest Maps Road maps and other general-use maps are often a jumble of color, with some of the following schemes: Blue: lakes, rivers, streams, oceans, reservoirs, highways, and local bordersRed: major highways, roads, urban areas, airports, special-interest sites, military sites, place names, buildings, and bordersYellow: built-up or urban areasGreen: parks, golf courses, reservations, forest, orchards, and highwaysBrown: deserts, historical sites, national parks, military reservations or bases, and contour (elevation) linesBlack: roads, railroads, highways, bridges, place names, buildings, and bordersPurple: highways, and on U.S. Geographical Survey topographic maps, features added to the map since the original survey Choropleth Maps Special maps called choropleth maps use color to represent statistical data for a given area. Typically, choropleth maps represent each county, state, or country with a color based on the data for that area. For example, a common choropleth map of the United States shows a state-by-state breakdown of which states voted Republican (red) and Democratic (blue). Choropleth maps can also be used to show population, educational attainment, ethnicity, density, life expectancy, the prevalence of a certain disease, and much more. When mapping certain percentages, cartographers who design choropleth maps often use different shades of the same color, producing a nice visual effect. For example, a map of county-by-county per capita income in a state could use a range of green from light green for the lowest per-capita income to dark green for the highest per-capita income.

Sunday, February 23, 2020


Work Based Module on IMPACT OF LOW STAFF RETENTION - Essay Example In a world getting increasingly competitive courtesy of the new complexities that arise day by day, organizations all over the world are increasingly looking into ways to retain their staff as much as possible within the organizations. Staff retention has therefore gained much prominence as a subject of study in current times. Many scholars are getting interested in the topic and this has seen so many volumes of staff retention materials being cheered out. It therefore begs a deeper analysis into this important subject while laying greater emphasis on the causes and the impact of staff retention on the performance of organizations. In spite of the fact that staff retention has been a hot area of study by contemporary organizational researchers, it cannot be argued that it is an entirely new field. Writings from several early organization thinkers have demonstrated that staff retention is a topic that attracted much attention even in those early times. For instance Herzberg’s t wo factor theory and his theory on motivation greatly illustrate the behavior of employees in the organization as regards their working conditions and motivation. The need to retain the employees within the organization rises out of many reasons. Hiring employees is a procedural process that is always very costly and involving. It therefore becomes quite a burden to the organization if the employee turnover is very high. Most organizations pay external consulting firms to recruit for them the best employees. Such costs, coupled with the costs of training the workers and other support services in the recruitment process are just too high. It therefore becomes a futile effort if the retention rate is low in the organization. Another consequence that arises out of a low staff retention rate is the loss of valuable knowledge from the organization. It must be remembered that knowledge on organizational management is a valuable asset that is only accrued through experience. As such, organ izations really experience deficiencies in such knowledge if the employee turnover rate is very high. Studies have indicated that 40 per cent of organizations in the UK are normally affected by a low staff retention rate. It therefore shows that this is an issue that requires so much attention and address. High employee turn over rate is also disastrous to the organization in the sense that it interrupts the various relationships that have been created between the customers and the employees. In companies all over the world, relationships will normally develop between the different stakeholders of organizations. It is on such mutual relationships that organizations stand. New faces coming in daily in the organizations normally disrupt the flow of operations as customers find themselves with different people to deal with. It is therefore crucial that employee turn over is reduced as much as possible. When employees leave the organizations for other opportunities, much workload is nor mally left for the remaining workers. When the work becomes too much, the workers are often demoralized to the extent that some of them may opt to leave the organization. It therefore shows that when workers leave the organizations, it creates a ripple effect that eventually impacts disastrously on the organization. It has also been demonstrated that potential employees use employee satisfaction as a parameter in determining whether to work for organizations or not. Therefore, an organization with a low employee retention rate is likely to attract few job seekers. Considering that human capital is very integral to the success of any organization, it becomes very hard for any company to stay competitively in the market without a pool of